A silver object that is to be sold commercially is, dating english silver marks most countries, stamped with one datig more silver hallmarks indicating the purity of the silver, the mark of the manufacturer or silversmith, and other optional englisy to indicate date of manufacture and additional information about the piece. In some countries, the testing of silver objects and marking of purity is controlled by a national assayer's office.
Hallmarks are applied with a hammer and punch, a process that leaves sharp edges and spurs of metal. Therefore, hallmarking is generally done before the piece goes for its final polishing. The hallmark for sterling silver varies from nation to nation, often using distinctive historic symbols, although Dutch and UK Assay offices no longer strike their traditional hallmarks exclusively in their own territories and undertake assay in other countries using marks that are the same as marls used domestically.
One of the most highly silvr hallmarking systems in the world is that of the United Kingdom, Scotland, England, Wales and Engliwh Irelandand Ireland. These five nations have, historically, provided a wealth of information about a piece through their series of applied punches. Zilver French assay mark for sterling silver is the head of the goddess Minerva. Silver items with a slightly lower grade of silver, parts per thousand, are marked with the head of Minerva, next to which is a "2".
French silver made for export carries an assay mark in the shape of the head of Mercury, along with a number to indicate the millesimal fineness: In the early United States, no national assaying system was adopted, although the city of Baltimore did maintain its own assay office between and Since these could vary considerably in purity, from around. Silver at that time was sometimes marked "COIN" or "PURE COIN", but can also be without a standard mark altogether. The United States also had no date marking system.
Because of this, some companies within the U. While American manufacturers did not apply assay marks, city marks or date marks, they did apply a maker's mark. This is generally not done today. The old hallmarks were as unique as today's logos, and disputes often arose when one company copied another's stamp. However, if a quality mark is used, the mark dating english silver marks be accompanied by a manufacturer's hallmark that is a registered trademark or the name of the manufacturer.
If there is ever a question about the content of a piece of jewelry, the manufacturer can be traced using the hallmark stamped on the piece US law requires a fnglish mark in the form of a hallmark or registered trademark in addition to the quality mark if the goods are quality marked. The markd of the artist or manufacturer may now be used maris this.
Englizh andAustria-Hungary and later, Hungary used the crescent moon crowned head of antique Greek heroine Diana as the hallmarking symbol of legal silver alloys. The head was encircled by a frame, optionally composed of convex, concave and straight lines. Meanwhile, a hexagonal frame represented fine silver. The same logic was also used to frame gold hallmarks. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Hallmarks on British sterling L-R: Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from May All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from October Articles with unsourced statements dating english silver marks September Pages using ISBN magic links.
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