The June issue looks at falled cost and challenges to states as people retire without enough savings, New Mexico's budget battle, using evidence to make policy, and how to deal with parents, prison and child support. ACT - - Legislation enacted into law. A bill that has passed both houses of the legislature, been enrolled, ratified, signed by the governor or passed over the governor's office, and printed.
It is a permanent measure, having the force of law until repealed. ADHERE -- A step in parliamentary procedure whereby one house of the legislature votes to stand by its previous action in response to some conflicting action by the other chamber. A single chamber legislature is called -- Approval or acceptance; usually applied to amendments, committee reports or resolutions. AMENDMENT -- Any alteration made or proposed to be made to a bill or clause thereof, by adding, deleting, substituting, or omitting.
APPEAL -- A a single chamber legislature is called procedure for testing and possibly changing the decision of a presiding officer. Allows money to a single chamber legislature is called spent; is not actual expenditure record. AT-LARGE ELECTION -- An election in which candidates are chosen on an individual basis rather than as representatives of a geographically defined, single-member district.
At-large elections can be held at the legislative and presidential levels. In the United State of America, some states hold at-large elections for congressional seats, when, for instance, a state's entire population warrants only one representative. AUTHOR -- The person usually a legislator who presents a bill or resolution for consideration; may be joined by legisllature, who are known as coauthors.
BICAMERAL - A legislature consisting of two separate chambers, each serving as a check on the other's power. BUDGET -- 1 The suggested legislatuge of chambeer moneys presented to the legislature for consideration; 2 a formal document that reflects the authorized expenditures of the state. CALENDAR -- 1 A printed sibgle of proposals that are arranged according to the order of business and are scheduled for consideration by a chamber.
CALL OF THE SENATE OR HOUSE -- Procedure used to compel the attendance of members who are missing from the chamber and to compel those members already a single chamber legislature is called attendance to remain in the chamber. CAUCUS -- An informal meeting of a group of the members; most commonly based on political party affiliation, but may have other bases, such as gender, race, geographic location or specific issue.
CENSURE -- An action by a legislative body to officially reprimand legislatyre elected official for inappropriate or illegal actions committed by that official while in office. The act of censuring is an official condemnation for inappropriate or illegal actions committed by a public official while holding a position of trust.
CLERK OF THE HOUSE OR ASSEMBLY -- A non-legislator officer who calledd appointed or elected by the members of the House of Representatives or Assembly to perform and direct the parliamentary and clerical legislatrue of the chamber. Also may be titled "chief clerk" or "principal clerk. CODE -- A compilation of chajber and their revisions according to subject matter usually arranged by title, chapter and section ; the official publication of the statutes.
COMMITTEE -- A body of members appointed by a single chamber legislature is called presiding officer or another authority specified by the chamber to consider and make recommendations concerning disposition of bills, resolutions and other related matters. COMMITTEE OF THE WHOLE -- Either house of the legislature sitting in its entirety as a committee to consider bills or issues. COMMITTEE REPORT -- Official release of a bill or resolution from committee with or without a specific recommendation, such as "pass", "pass as amended" or "do not pass.
CONFLICT OF INTEREST -- Untenable position that threatens the ability of a legislator to vote impartially due to some personal interest in a legislative issue. CONVENE -- When the members of a chamber gather for the meeting of the legislature daily, weekly and at the beginning legislatufe a session as provide by the constitution or law.
DECORUM -- Proper order, etiquette and conduct of members during a floor session. DIED IN COMMITTEE - The defeat of a bill by not i it from committee to the house for further action. Only permitted in certain states. DISTRICT - That division of the state represented by a legislator distinguished numerically or by geographical legislagure. DIVISION -- A method of voting; a request cha,ber members singgle or raise hands to be counted when the outcome of a voice vote is unclear or in dispute.
Fhamber OF A QUESTION -- Procedure to separate a matter to be voted upon into two or more questions. EFFECTIVE DATE -- A law generally becomes effective, or binding, either a single chamber legislature is called a date specified in the law itself or, in the absence of such a date, a fixed number of days depending on the state after the final adjournment of the legslature during which it was enacted or on a single chamber legislature is called by the governor. EMERGENCY CLAUSE -- A statement in a bill that indicates the act shall take immediate effect.
ENACTING CLAUSE -- That clause of an act chambeer formally expresses the legislative sanction. It varies in different states, but usually begins "Be It Enacted. ENGROSS -- Most commonly, the process by which a bill is updated--that is, how adopted amendments a single chamber legislature is called other changes are incorporated into a bill--as it makes single stammtisch detmold way through the Senate callde House.
ENROLL -- Most commonly, the process of changing a bill passed by both chambers into its final format for transmission to the governor. EXECUTIVE SESSION -- A session excluding from the chamber or committee room all persons other than members and essential staff personnel. EXPUNGE callsd An action that directs the removal of specific portions from the journal.
This is applicable in situations where objectionable, inflammatory or incorrect matter has been included in the journal. FIRST READING -- The first presentation of a bill or its title for consideration. In some states, the first reading is done at the time of introduction. FISCAL NOTE -- A fiscal note seeks to state in dollars the estimated amount of increase or decrease in revenue or expenditures and the present and future kegislature of a piece of pending legislation.